Today we're going to talk about something very important in any language: introductions! If you're starting your journey in learning Spanish, mastering how to greet and introduce yourself properly is essential.

Basic greetings

¡Hola! - The most common and universal way to greet someone in Spanish. You can use it in any situation and with anyone.

¿Cómo estás? - A friendly way to ask how someone is doing. Common responses include "Estoy bien, gracias" or "Muy bien, ¿y tú?" (I'm fine, thank you" or "Very well, and you?")

Buenos días / Buenas tardes / Buenas noches - These are more specific ways to greet according to the time of day. "Buenos días" is used in the morning, "buenas tardes" in the afternoon, and "buenas noches" when it's nighttime.

Mucho gusto — It’s nice to meet you

Personal introductions

Me llamo [name] - This is the most basic way to introduce yourself. For example: "Me llamo María" (My name is María).

Soy [name] - Another way to say your name. For example: "Soy Juan" (I am Juan).

Encantado/a (for men) / Encantada (for women) - A common response after introducing yourself, meaning that you're delighted to meet someone.

Soy de [nationality] - You can also include your nationality when introducing yourself. For example: "Soy de Estados Unidos" (I am from the US).

Basic farewells

Adiós - The standard way to say goodbye.

Hasta luego - Means "see you later" and is used when you expect to see the person again in the future.

Nos vemos - Similar to "hasta luego," but a bit more informal, means "see you".

Que tengas buen día — Have a good day (Wishing someone a good day)

Basic questions

¿De dónde eres? — Where are you from? (Asking about someone's place of origin).

¿Cómo te llamas? — What’s your name? (Inquiring about someone's name).

¿Cuál es tu nombre? — What is your name? (Another way to ask about someone's name).

¿Qué tal? — How’s it going? (Casual way of asking about someone's general well-being).

¿Cómo va? — What’s up? (Another way of asking about someone's current situation).

¿Cómo va todo? — How is everything? (Asking about the overall situation or circumstances).

Dialogue examples

A: ¡Hola! ¿Cómo estás?

B: ¡Hola! Estoy bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?

A: Muy bien, gracias. Me llamo Ana. ¿Y tú?

B: Encantado, Ana. Soy Pedro.

And there you have it! By learning these simple phrases, you'll be ready to greet and introduce yourself in Spanish like a native speaker.